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Breeding A Siberian Husky. What is reproduction cycle for Siberian husky. A Siberian Husky get Mating breeding, breeds, pairing. A Siberian Husky Breeding and they get stuck.

A Siberian Husky is a medium-sized dog. It has a compact and furred body. It shares a lot of similar appearances with the Alaskan Malamute. A male is about 21 to 23.5 inches (53.5 to 60cm) and 45 to 60 pounds (20.5 to 27kg).

A female is about 20 to 22 inches (50.5 to 56cm) and 35 to 50 pounds (15.5 to 23cm). It has lots of colors and patterns. Common colors are black and white, grey and white, copper-red and white, and all white. It looks similar to a wolf.


Body (Eyes, Ears, Nose, Tail) - The Siberian Husky usually has blue or brown almond shaped eyes. Sometimes, one of them is blue and the other one is blue which is called "Parti-colored". Its ears are triangular, erect and set on the top of the head. Its nose is also called snow nose or winter nose. It is black in gray and black dogs, and liver in copper dogs. Its tail looks like a fox's tail. It is not erect, and has medium length of hair.

Coat - The Siberian Husky's coat consists of two different layers, an undercoat and a topcoat. It helps the dog resist the rough weather.

It can stand up to the temperature as low as -58℉ to -76℉ (-50℃ to -60℃). It does not have the undercoat during the shedding twice a year.
Dogs reproduce sexually. Sexual maturity starts around 6 to 12 months for males and females, but it can be delayed for big breeds. Adolescence, which dogs start looking like adults, happens around 12 to 15 months. Dogs are reproductive until old age. A female has its first estrous which means it hits the heat in about 6 to 12 months. This happens once for each 6 months. When this happens, vulva gets bigger and starts bleeding, but after a while, it goes back to normal. The stage is : Proestrus (9 days), Oestrus (9 days), Metoestrus (90 days), and Anoestrus (75 days).



A pseudocyesis which is a pregnancy without conception, can happen.
Ejaculation happens in 80 seconds. There are three fractions of semen: clear fluid (Urethral Gland) 0.1 - 3.0 ml, milky fluid (Sperm Rich) 0.5 - 4.0 ml, and clear fluid (Prostate Gland) 1 - 30 ml. Sperm can survive in the virginal tract until the female ovulates. Pregnancy goes for 58 to 68 days. Each litter can have a different dad. A litter consists of 6 to 12 puppies. There is a reproductive disease called canine brucellosis, which sexually transmitted and increases the probability of spontaneous abortion




A bitch may reach sexual maturity anytime from 6 to 12 months of age and this is indicated by the first oestrus cycle, more commonly referred to as "coming on heat" or "coming into season".From this initial season, bitches come on heat every six months (for most bitches), and each oestrus period lasts about 18 – 21 days, but this differs from dog to dog, and it can vary from 14 – 28 days.
During this time, the ovaries produce a crop of eggs and the bitch becomes fertile, capable of becoming pregnant if mated at the correct time. Associated with this is a discharge from the vulva, a swelling, a probable behaviour change as a result of altered hormone levels, and she will become extremely attractive to male dogs.



On average, in the first stage of heat, the vulva will begin to swell and there will be a blood-stained discharge, your bitch will usually be interested in the males which are attracted at this time but will not accept them for mating. This stage usually lasts for about 9 days. In the second stage, often specifically referred to as the heat phase of the oestrus cycle because the female is actually receptive to mating and will stand for the male in order to do this.


The vulval discharge is no longer blood-stained, but rather a straw colored discharge. Conception can only occur during this stage, which lasts anywhere from 6 – 12 days, (usually the former). The third phase of the cycle is signified by a subsiding of the whole process, as the vulva returns to normal, males will cease to be attracted by the bitch and she will not accept any males for mating. This usually takes around 30 days and it is followed by a period of rest for the reproductive system until the next heat.




It must be stressed that the oestrus cycle varies enormously between bitches in terms of behaviour outward signs and duration; we have only described a generalized case, so do not expect your bitch to follow this exactly, rather, use it as a guideline to understanding your own bitch.
If you do not wish to mate your bitch during a heat she MUST BE SEPARATED FROM MALES FOR THE DURATION OF THE ENTIRE SEASON , excluding the resting phase of course. Make sure your yard is dog proof and keep her on a leash whenever she is outside your property. Should you be considering mating your bitch in the future then it is imperative that you look into this very carefully and discuss it fully with your veterinarian first so you are aware of, and understand the requirements and procedure before you undertake it. It would be helpful to keep note of your bitch's own characteristic oestrus cycle so that if you wish to mate her in the future you can use this as a guide for calculating the correct time for mating.



REPRODUCTIVE CYCLE for Siberian husky

The heat cycle of the female lasts from 18 to 21 days. The first stage is calledproestrus. It begins with mild swelling of the vulva and a bloody discharge. This lasts for about 9 days, although it may vary by 2 or 3 days. During this phase the bitch may attract males, but she is not ready to be bred and will reject all advances. The next phase is the estrus. Usually the discharge decreases and becomes lighter, almost pink, in colour. The vulva becomes very enlarged and soft, and the bitch will be receptive to the male. This stage may last 3 or 4 days or as long as 7 to 11 days. The female may be receptive a day or two past the time when she would still be fertile. In order to be sure that the breeding is taking place at the optimum time, vaginal smears and blood tests can be done by a veterinarian beginning before estrus and through the estral phase. 



At about the 14th day, or whenever estrus ends, the final, or luteal, stage of the cycle begins; this stage is called diestrus. The discharge becomes redder, the vulva returns to its normal size, and the bitch will no longer accept the male for mating. When all signs of discharge and swelling are absent, the heat is complete. The diestrus stage lasts 60 to 90 days (if no pregnancy has occurred) or until the bitch gives birth. She then enters anestrus, which is the time frame between the end of the last cycle and the beginning of the next proestrus.



Canine males are always fertile from the onset of their sexual adolescence, usually after six months of age. Larger-breed males may take a few months longer to become sexually mature. Males are usually promiscuous and are willing to mate with any available female.

Males produce far more sperm than is needed to impregnate the ova that are released during estrus. Small-breed bitches usually produce small litters. Two or 3 puppies in a breed such as a Yorkshire terrier is considered the norm. Large-breed litters can have as many as 10 or 12 puppies, although the normal bitch can suckle up to 8 at a time.
GESTATION AND WHELPING

The normal gestation period is 63 days from the time of conception. This may vary if the bitch has been bred two or three times or if the eggs are fertilized a day or two after the mating has taken place. Eggs remain fertile for about 48 hours. Sperm can live in the vaginal tract for several days. In order to determine if a bitch is pregnant, a veterinarian can manually palpate her abdomen at about 25 days after breeding.Ultrasound also can be done at that time. At about 40 days X rays will confirm pregnancy.
Most bitches whelp normally. However, the large-headed, short-bodied breeds and the toy breeds often must undergo cesarean sections in order to deliver live puppies.



REPRODUCTIVE CAPACITY

Both males and females are fertile well into their advanced age. It is generally considered best for the bitch to be bred for the first time upon maturity but not before her second or third heat cycle, depending on her age at the first. Because small breeds mature more quickly, they can be bred at an earlier age than large breeds. A bitch will have less difficulty in conceiving and carrying a litter if she is bred before the age of five. As she becomes older, litter size generally decreases.After the age of seven, bitches are likely to have small litters and experience problems in delivering the puppies. Veterinarians feel that bitches generally should not be bred after that age.

Males can be bred as long as they are fertile, although with age the motility and quantity of sperm decrease.
Behaviour

The dog is a social creature. It prefers the company of people and of other dogs to living alone. It is, therefore, considered by animal behaviourists to be a pack animal. In this respect it is similar to its distant relative the wolf. As a result of millennia of selective breeding, the dog has been adapted to live with people. Seminal studies of dog behaviour conducted in the 1950s and '60s showed, however, that dogs raised without human contact at an early age retain their inherent instincts and prefer relationships with other dogs over associations with people.




Both dogs and wolves are territorial animals. Wolf packs, because of their need to hunt game, claim large territories as their own, whereas dogs claim their territories based on the limitations of their owners. Male wolves and dogs mark their territorial boundaries by urinating and rubbing their scent on the ground or on trees to warn other animals of their presence.

When on neutral ground, that which is not considered by either dogs or wolves to be their home territory, strangers greeting each other will go through formal rituals of sniffing, marking, tail wagging, and posturing. Unless they are claiming the same prey or are engaged in courting the same female, such interactions are usually terminated by each going its own way. Females will attack strangers in neutral territory to protect their young, however.

Before you decide to breed your female, give careful consideration to the effort and expense which goes into producing a litter of healthy and active puppies. It can be both time-consuming and expensive. If you own a purebred dam, you should also give consideration for her overall conformation, disposition, and the qualities she will pass along to her puppies.
Another factor to consider is that many purebred puppies cannot be sold locally. This means advertising and the added cost and effort of finding the right sort of home in which to place them.




In contrast to popular belief, the female does not need to have a litter in order to be psychologically fulfilled. In fact, a spayed female makes an outstanding house pet.

Most breeders mate their female on her second or third season, at which time she is emotionally mature and able to adjust well to the role of a brood matron.

Once you decide to mate your female, take her to your veterinarian for a physical check-up to make sure that her vaginal orifice (opening) is normal in size. There should be no constricting ring which could prevent normal entry.

Her physical check-up should include a test for heartworms in areas where this is a problem. If you own a female of the larger breeds, ask your veterinarian to x-ray her pelvis. This should be done after one year of age. If the x-rays show bone changes of hip dysplasia, do not breed her. Certification by the OFA is highly recommended.
Also, before mating, the female should be checked for worms. Roundworms are difficult to avoid in puppies. Other parasites, if found, should be vigorously treated. A female with an active worm infestation is less likely to whelp healthy active puppies.




Unfortunately, not all great show dogs are outstanding producers. By the same token, some of the top producers have not been particularly outstanding in the ring.

If a stud dog has sired the type of dog you like, particularly if several females were used, you have a strong evidence in favor of his potency. The number of champions produced is not always as meaningful as you might think. Usually there is a lapse of several years before a mating and a championship. Some of the top producers are often recognized well after they have stopped producing, but their offspring may retain their sire's potency.

Some breeding kennels offer stud service. If you have an outstanding female from that bloodline, you may give serious thoughts to using a stud from that same strain to reinforce the best qualities in your female.




It is the responsibility of the breeder (who is the owner of the female) to come to clear understanding with the owner of the stud dog concerning the breeding terms. Usually a stud fee is paid at the time of the mating, or the stud's owner may agree to take "pick of the litter", which is a puppy of his own choosing. The age of the puppy should be agreed upon. If the female does not conceive, the stud's owner may offer a return service at no extra charge. However, this is not obligatory in any way. Terms vary with the circumstances and policies of the kennel. If these are in writing, there will be no misunderstanding at a later date.

Before a dog is offered as stud to the public, a brucellosis slide test should be made to establish that he is free from this disease. Brucellosis, once introduced into a kennel, can cause widespread sterility and the ruin of an outstanding breeding program.

A male may be used at stud after he is over one year of age. If an older dog is not a known producer, a sperm count is desirable. Before your dog is used at stud for the first time, check to be sure he has no problems that could interfere with successful mating. Some males have a long flexible forepart to the penis. If it bends backward it could make mating impossible. If this is the case, he will have to be bred by artificial insemination. A retained fold of skin (frenulum) may prevent protrusion of the penis. When present, it can be easily corrected.

Red, pimple-like bumps or growths on the penis should receive veterinary attention. Other abnormalities are: stricture foreskin; an infection beneath the sheath (covering tissue); abnormal or undescended testicles; and a discharge from the urethra. If one of these is present, the dog should be treated by a veterinarian before mating.
Breeding A Siberian Husky. What is reproduction cycle for Siberian husky. A Siberian Husky get Mating breeding, breeds, pairing. A Siberian Husky Breeding and they get stuck.